We learn in science that water always flows to the lowest point, but this may present a distorted picture of what happens in well-structured, biologically active soil, at the micro level.
Regenerative farming practices focus on increasing the amount of carbon in the soil, covering the soil with cover crops, protecting soil structure (from compaction and erosion, among other threats), increasing microbial activity and encouraging a healthy biodiversity of plants, bacteria and fungi.
The result of these practices? Soil that will hold vastly increased quantities of water in the spaces surrounding the soil aggregates. Having moisture in the soil supports thriving microbial populations, which can protect plants to some degree against the effects of drought, frost and disease.